Archive

Volume 7, Number 4 / August issue 2021
Ida Webb
Obsessive-compulsive behavior in elementary aged children
Abstract

This paper focuses primarily on Obsessive Compulsive Behavior (OCD) among elementary school children. The purpose of this paper is to determine the effects of OCD on children below the age of ten years and establish how these effects may impact their lives both in childhood and adulthood. The paper starts by focusing on a definition of the condition with the aim of differentiating it from other related mental health issues. Following the definition in the introduction, the paper analyses the signs and symptoms associated with OCD. This segment is followed by the impacts of the condition on elementary school children and the conclusive remarks focus on steps that can be taken to improve the school environment for children with OCD aged below ten years.
Keywords: Obsessive Compulsive Behavior, compulsion, perfectionism

Cite this article:
Ida Webb. Obsessive-compulsive behavior in elementary aged children. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 7(4)2021, 5-13.


REFERENCES

  1. Abramowitz, J.S., McKay, D., & Storch, E.A. (Eds.) (2017). The Wiley handbook of obsessive-compulsive disorders (pp. 24-43). Wiley Blackwell. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/9781118890233
  2. Bedford, S.A., Hunsche, M.C., & Kerns, C.M. (2020). Co-occurrence, Assessment, and Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Current Psychiatry Reports, 22(10), 1-11. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11920-020-01176-x
  3. Brezinka, V., Mailänder, V., & Walitza, S. (2020). Obsessive-compulsive disorder in very young children–a case series from a specialized outpatient clinic. BMC psychiatry, 20(1), 1-8. https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-020-02780-0
  4. Fineberg, N.A., Van Ameringen, M., Drummond, L., Hollander, E., Stein, D.J., Geller, D., ... & Dell'Osso, B. (2020). How to manage obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) under COVID-19: A clinician's guide from the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS) and the Obsessive-Compulsive Research Network (OCRN) of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. Comprehensive Psychiatry. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7152877/
  5. Krause, K.R., Chung, S., Adewuya, A.O., Albano, A.M., Babins-Wagner, R., Birkinshaw, L., ... & Wolpert, M. (2021). International consensus on a standard set of outcome measures for child and youth anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. The Lancet Psychiatry, 8(1), 76-86. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2215036620303564
  6. Luo, L., Feng, B., Yang, S., Zhang, N., & Qiu, S. (2020). Clinical characteristics of moderate-severe obsessive–compulsive disorder in children and adolescents in China. Journal of International Medical Research, 48(5), 0300060520922679. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0300060520922679
  7. Martin, A.F., Jassi, A., Cullen, A.E., Broadbent, M., Downs, J., & Krebs, G. (2020). Co-occurring obsessive–compulsive disorder and autism spectrum disorder in young people: prevalence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 29(11), 1603-1611. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00787-020-01478-8
  8. McGrath, C.A., & Abbott, M.J. (2019). Family-based psychological treatment for the obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis and systematic review. Clinical child and family psychology review, 22(4), 478-501. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10567-019-00296-y
  9. Santore, L.A., Gerber, A., Gioia, A.N., Bianchi, R., Talledo, F., Peris, T.S., & Lerner, M.D. (2020). Felt but not seen: Observed restricted repetitive behaviors are associated with self-report—but not parent-report—obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms in youth with an autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 24(4), 983-994. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1362361320909177
  10. Tanir, Y., Karayagmurlu, A., Kaya, İ., Kaynar, T.B., Türkmen, G., Dambasan, B.N., ... & Coşkun, M. (2020). Exacerbation of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms in children and adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry Research, 293, 113363. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165178120319454
  11. Walitza, S., Van Ameringen, M., & Geller, D. (2020). Early detection and intervention for obsessive-compulsive disorder in childhood and adolescence. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(2), 99-101. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanchi/article/PIIS2352-4642(19)30376-1/fulltext
  12. Weeland, C.J., White, T., Vriend, C., Muetzel, R.L., Starreveld, J., Hillegers, M.H., ... & van den Heuvel, O.A. (2021). Brain morphology associated with obsessive-compulsive symptoms in 2,551 children from the general population. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 60(4), 470-478. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890856720318372