Volume 7, Number 4 / August issue 2021
Emrah Özdemir, Mehmet Bayansalduz
Comparison of athletes' and sedanters' levels of psychological strength, self-respect, optimism, and focus of control

In this study, it was aimed to compare the levels of psychological stability, selfesteem, optimism and control of athletes and sedentaries. However, age, gender, education, income level, team members and individual sports were evaluated. The universe of your research consists of sportsmen and sedentary individuals. The sample is those who agree to participate in working as a total of 400 volunteers, including 200 athletes and 200 sedanters selected by random sampling method among athletes and sedentary individuals. A total of 400 volunteers and healthy individuals participated in the study. In the research, "Self-Esteem Scale", "Life Orientation Scale", "Internal-External Control Scale", "Psychological Scale", "Self-Esteem Scale" The "Personal Information Form" prepared by the researcher was used in order to reach some personal information of the participants. "Selfesteem Scale" was developed by Morris Rosenberg in 1963 and reliability and validity studies were conducted by Çuhadaroğlu (1986). The Life "Orientation Scale" was developed by Scheier and Carver (1985). The "Rotter Internal-External Control Locus Scale" was developed by Rotter (1966) and adapted to Turkish by Dağ (1991). "Psychological Robustness (Non-Illness Scale)" was developed by Gürgan (2006) and validity and reliability studies were conducted. It is explained in detail how the scale and forms must be filled in by the researcher himself before the scales and forms are applied individually. Missing filled-in measuring instruments have not been evaluated. The obtained data was recorded with the IBM SPSS 22 package program. Expert assistance was obtained for the statistical analysis of the data. The part of the research related to personal information is organized by descriptive statistical tables. Pearson corelation analysis was used to identify the relationships between the selfesteem, optimism, control orientation, and psychological well-being of the individuals participating in the study. T-test analysis was used to test whether there were significant differences between participating athletes and sedentary individuals. In addition, ANOVA was used to test whether there were significant differences in the self-esteem, optimism, control orientation, and psychological well-being of the subjects participating in the study in terms of demographic data. VIII According to the results of the research, a significant positive correlation was found between the self-esteem and the self-esteem of the athletes participating in the research, selfesteem with optimism, feeling of control with the sense of psychological robustness, selfesteem with psychological robustness, feeling of psychological robustness and optimism. On the other hand, there was no relationship between the optimism sensation of the athletes participating in the survey and the control emotion. A significant difference was found in favor of team athletes in terms of self esteem, optimism and psychological robustness of team athletes participating in the survey (p 0,05). As a result, psychological robustness, self-esteem, control focus and optimism levels are higher than those of athletes and sedentary individuals.
Keywords: Sportsman, Sedanter, Respect for Self, Psychological Robustness, Controlling

Cite this article:
Emrah Özdemir, Mehmet Bayansalduz. Comparison of athletes' and sedanters' levels of psychological strength, self-respect, optimism, and focus of control. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 7(4)2021, 80-100.


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