Investigation of decision making styles of active athletes
The aim of this research is to examine the decision-making strategies of Judo and Boxing athletes in Turkey Olympic Preparatory Centre in Trabzon by 2017. The sample group of the research is composed of Judo and Boxing athletes in the Olympic Preparatory Centre in Trabzon. The Melbourne Decision Making Scale, which was developed by Mann et al. (1998) and adapted to Turkish by Deniz (2004), has been used as a data collection tool in the research.
SPSS 21 package program was used for analysis of research data. In the evaluation of the data as a statistic, the t test was used for binary comparisons and the one way ANOVA test was used in the evaluation of the overly hypertensive groups and p <0,05 was taken for the level.
The athletes participating in the survey had higher self-esteem and decision-making levels and preferred careful decision-making styles from decision-making style sub-dimensions, followed by evasive, dilatory and panic decision style sub-scales respectively. It is seen that female athletes have higher self-esteem levels than male athletes and that female athletes prefer cautionary decision style sub-scale and male athletes prefer avid decision style sub-scale. In the study, it was determined that under-graduate athletes have self-esteem and careful decision-making sub-dimension in decision making and athletes with high school education level use inferior decision making sub-dimension. Spore; at least for the development of decision-making strategies, the community should be offered to all age groups.
Keywords: Decision Making, Olympic Preparation Centre, Athlete
Mustafa Baş, Elif Aydin, Alpay Bülbül, Fatih Kirkbir. Investigation of decision making styles of active athletes. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 4(6)2018, 9-22.
Student stress, coping skills, and school interventions: A literature review
Stress is an unavoidable entity in life. However, students are experiencing stress at heightened levels from a variety of sources. How students deal with the increased stress levels is of utmost importance for schools due to the direct correlation between a student’s ability to manage stress in a positive, productive manner and his or her academic success. The researcher conducted a review of the literature regarding the sources of stress for students, which coping strategies are employed by students, and the types of school-based interventions currently being used by schools as well as the effectiveness of the intervention programs. The results of the research indicated trauma, societal issues, and academic pressures are sources of stress for students while students are coping with the stress in positive manners, such as task and time management and diversions, as well as with negative mechanisms, such as unethical actions and substance abuse. Schools were found to be in a prime position to help students learn positive coping skills in the face of stressful situations; however, the need of mental health services and the amount of services being provided were found to be in contradiction of the other. The literature review found a need for continued research into preventative and intervention programs aimed at assisting students in stress management and mental health services.
Keywords: stress, coping strategies, intervention
Halee Goff. Student stress, coping skills, and school interventions: A literature review. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 4(6)2018, 23-31.
The M|M|∞ queue transient probabilities
In the theory and applications of queuing systems, transient probabilities play a key role. Often, due to the difficulty of their calculation they are replaced by the stationary probabilities. In the case of M|G|∞ systems, those calculations are much friendlier than usual. We present in this work formulas for the transient probabilities of the M|M|∞ system, where are considered service times with exponential distribution, showing that it is also possible to calculate them with initial conditions different from those usually considered.
Keywords: Transient probabilities, M|M|∞, busy period, exponential distribution
Manuel Alberto M. Ferreira. The M|M|∞ queue transient probabilities. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 4(6)2018, 32-35.
Advanced directives: An overview
Advanced directives are important for individuals to have documented their wishes when end of life decisions need to be made. Quality of life has a unique definition to each individual. Every individual has the right to their own belief and perspective of how they want to direct their health care. During medical emergencies, life sustaining measures are taken to preserve and maintain life. Many of times the outcomes do not result in the quality of life that the individual would want resulting in end of life discussions. This is why the importance of advanced directives should be a priority within our county to reduce the amount of unnecessary healthcare cost and burdens on family and friends.
Keywords: Advanced directives, Living will, Health care surrogate, Palliative care, End of life
Melinda Hertlein. Advanced directives: An overview. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 4(6)2018, 36-40.