Quality of life among elderly ostomates: A literature review
Ostomy formation can have profound impact on the individuals undergoing such procedures. Multiple aspects of an individual’s life are affected. Quality of life (QOL) is a measure of daily life satisfaction and is affected by physical, emotional, and psychological factors (Slater, 2010). To further understand the effects of ostomy formation and QOL, much research and scholarly publications have been undertaken. While there is a notable amount of available literature regarding ostomies and QOL, there is a scarce amount that specifically speaks to QOL and ostomy formation among the elderly population. This is surprising given the prevalence of ostomy formations in older individuals. Additionally, this topic carries important relevance given the growing rate of today’s elderly population. As such, a literature review is provided with an aim to address an evident gap in literature regarding the specific impact of ostomies on QOL among the elderly. Areas of focus pertaining to QOL are organized in three major themes and include physical, emotional, and psychological factors. Subtopics relevant to each theme are provided. Conflicting research is included as well. Overall, there is a clear lack of literature that addresses specific ostomy-related challenges faced by the elderly. Even more lacking is the amount of literature that makes the connection of ostomy-related challenges to QOL among this population. More research is warranted given the lack of available of literature, growing elderly population, and the need to better understand and care for this unique population.
Keywords: ostomy, elderly, older adult, quality of life, adjustment, physical, emotional, psychological, coping, self-care, review
Daniel Le. Quality of life among elderly ostomates: A literature review. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(4)2019, 5-14.
Performance Appraisal and Worker Motivation: Application of Expectancy Theory
Organizations used performance appraisal as the primary instrument to measure worker performance in order to make decisions about rewards, promotion, and termination. Because performance appraisal is so critical, organization managers expend much thought and effort in developing the best methods for fairly assessing worker achievements to allocate rewards and promotion appropriately. It is necessary for the appraisal process to be reviewed frequently to ensure fairness, and support of the organization’s mission in changing global markets. The present article explores the association between worker motivation and the performance appraisal. In addition, it highlights the development of the projected model using Expectancy Theory. The results underline how the various components of performance appraisal as perceived by workers can have mixed positive and negative effects on their motivation.
Keywords: Acquaintance, Worker motivation, Performance appraisal, Distributive justice, Model, Performance appraisal components, Expectancy theory, Procedural justice and Interactional justice
Omar A. Baakeel. Performance Appraisal and Worker Motivation: Application of Expectancy Theory. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(4)2019, 15-28.
Effectively teaching pharmacology to nursing students
Nursing is one of the most respected professions in the world. Nurses are on the frontline of healthcare, and it is imperative that they are well-trained individuals on a vast amount of information. One of the key pieces of information that nurses have to be well-trained and educated on to perform as excellent and safe nurses is medicine and pharmacology. If nurses are not well-trained and have no clear understanding of the developed methods of administering medication, a broad understanding of how medications work in the body, and how medications can interact with each other; they will not be well-equipped to practice in the work force and will be more likely to harm patients, rather than heal. Nurses are beacons of hope and givers of light. It is imperative that nursing professors understand the responsibility they carry to teach nursing students the importance of knowing pharmacological methods in a comprehensive manner and being able to use those methods to their nursing practice.
Keywords: pharmacology, medicine, nurses, professors
Rachel Nicole Wagner. Effectively teaching pharmacology to nursing students. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(4)2019, 29-37.
Investigating the relationship between metacognitive strategies and reading proficiency among the university of Jeddah learners
There exists various factors that enhance the reading comprehension and thus a significant role is played by the metacognitive reading strategies in this enhancement. Some studies focus on claiming the relation among reading proficiency, reading motivation, and strategies of metacognitive reading. Furthermore, this study tries to focus on the awareness level as well as metacognitive reading strategies usage when students’ read texts related to academics in English, their motivation level as well as their interests and performance in reading by using the instrument of Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) (Mokhtari & Richard, 2002) having subscales of global strategies, problem-solving and support strategies. The goal of this study was to fill this gap through a comparison of 197 (96 = male; 101 = female) academic reading strategies. The results indicate that students of the University of Jeddah appear to use challenging approaches more frequently than regional and promotion methods, which confirm their previous studies. Moreover, it also revealed that there was a momentous variation level in the strategies used by the female and male students. The association between the reading approaches adopted by the students to increase their reading proficiency was significant. The results proved that the participants had a good understanding and reasonable control of the metacognitive strategies while reading the academic texts.
Keywords: Reading, Metacognitive strategies, motivation, English language proficiency
Saleh Mohammad Ali Alqahtani. Investigating the relationship between metacognitive strategies and reading proficiency among the university of Jeddah learners. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(4)2019, 38-54.
The subtle social and emotional needs of the gifted
As the landscape in education is changing rapidly, gifted students’ unique needs are lacking appropriate attention to the social and emotional aspect. The social and emotional development of gifted students are neglected and in turn more problems arise for this population. The need for recognizing and acting upon the social and emotional needs of the gifted is in dire need. The phrase “it takes a village to raise a child” is a reminder for everyone to find better solutions to attend the social and emotional needs of the gifted and talented. The gifted students social and emotional needs are vital components for counselors, teachers, gifted coordinators, and parents to collaborate for the betterment of the child.
Keywords: subtle social, gifted students, social and emotional aspect
Melanie K. Irvin. The subtle social and emotional needs of the gifted. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(4)2019, 55-65.