Emotional intelligence and resilience
The following paper explores the concepts of emotional intelligence (EI) and resilience. There is some disagreement and debate about the meaning and definition of both constructs. EI as a construct refers to a person’s ability to recognize their own emotions as well as the emotions of others. Resilience refers to a person’s ability to resist the negative consequences related to stressful and traumatic events. Despite the differences in how the constructs are defined, there is general agreement that there is a direct relationship between EI and resilience. Generally speaking, researchers and academics agree that higher levels of EI help individuals to develop greater resilience. By the same token, there is general agreement that lower levels of EI lead to an individual’s diminished ability to develop resilience. There are certain individuals who seem able to endure stressful life events or traumatic circumstances without permanent debilitation. On the other hand, there are individuals who suffer seemingly less stressful events or smaller moments of trauma, but are greatly damaged by these incidents. The questions of how individuals develop EI and resilience and why certain individuals are more resilient than others are dynamic and complex.
Keywords: emotional intelligence, resilience, stress, trauma
Karla Vasquez. Emotional intelligence and resilience. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(1)2019, 41-49.
- Abraham, R. (2004). Emotional competence as antecedent to performance: A contingency framework. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 130(2), 117-143.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5 (5th). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
- Bulathwatta, A.D.N., Witruk, E., & Reschke. (2017). Effect of emotional intelligence and resilience on trauma coping among university students. Health Psychology Report, 5(1), 12-19.
- deTerte, I., Stephens, C., & Huddleston, L. (2014). The development of a three part model of psychological resilience. Stress and Health, 30, 416-424.
- Elfenbein, H.A., & MacCann, C. (2017). A closer look at ability emotional intelligence (EI): What are its component parts, and how do they relate to each other? Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 11(7), 1-13.
- Frajo-Apor, B., Pardeller, S., Kemmler, G., & Hofer, A. (2016). Emotional intelligence and resilience in mental health professionals caring for patients with serious mental illness. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 21(6), 755-761.
- Grant, L., Kinman, G., & Alexander, K. (2014). What’s all this talk about emotion? Developing emotional intelligence in social work students. Social Work Education, 33(7), 874-889.
- Howell, K.H., & Miller-Graff, L.E. (2014). Protective factors associated with resilient functioning in young adulthood after childhood exposure to violence. Child Abuse & Neglect, 38, 1985-1994.
- Kinman, G. & Grant, L. (2011). Exploring stress resilience in trainee social workers: The role of emotional and social competencies. British Journal of Social Work, 41, 261-275.
- Kong, F., Wang, X., Hu, S., & Liu, J. (2015). Neural correlates of psychological resilience and their relationship to life satisfaction in a sample of healthy young adults. NueroImage, 123, 165-172.
- Johnson, J., Panagioti, M., Bass, J., Ramsey, L., & Harrison, R. (2017). Resilience to emotional distress in response to failure, error or mistakes: A systematic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 52, 19-42.
- Leaver, A.M., Yang, H., Siddarth, P., Vlasova, R.M., Krause, B., St. Cyr, N., Narr, K.L., & Lavretsky, H. (2018). Resilience and amygdala function in older healthy and depressed adults. Journal of Affective Disorders, 237, 27-34.
- McCrimmon, A.W., Matchullis, R.L., & Altomare, A.A. (2016). Resilience and emotional intelligence in children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 19(3), 154-161.