Effects of high intensity aerobic interval training and repeated sprint training on aerobic and anaerobic performance in football players
The aim of this study is to examine the effects of the high-intensity aerobic interval and the repeated sprint training model on YYIRT1, RAST and agility. 20 young players (mean age: 17.4, ± age: 0.64 years, mean body weight: 64.7 kg± body weight: 6.04 kg, mean height: 172.6 cm, ± height: 4.57cm) participated. After the players completed YYIRT1, RAST and agility pretests, they were separated into 2 groups. Players in the first group completed 3x (6x40m) repeated sprint training twice a week for six weeks while players in the second group completed 4x4 minute running at 90% maximum heart rate for high-intensity aerobic interval training twice a week for six weeks. Although repeated sprint and high-intensity aerobic interval training had positive effects on YYIRT1, no statistically significant difference was found between the groups (p>0.05). However, significant differences were found in RAST test total time (TT) and the fatigue index (FI) of the players in the repeated sprint group (p<0.05). Repeated sprint or high-intensity aerobic interval training practiced twice a week were observed to affect YYIRT1 levels positively. In the literature, although significant differences in YYIRT1 results were indicated applying the repeated sprint training model, a significant difference was not seen in the current study. However, within the group using the repeated sprint training model, repeated sprint total time decreased and fatigue index improved, showing an improvement in their performance.
Keywords: YYIRT1, High Intensity Aerobic Interval, Repeated Sprint, Agility
Osman Ates. Effects of high intensity aerobic interval training and repeated sprint training on aerobic and anaerobic performance in football players. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 3(5)2017, 81-89.
- Helgerud J, Engen LC, Wisloff U, Hoff J. (2001). Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 33 (11):1925–31.
- Bayansalduz, M. (2012). Analyzing the relationship between task and ego orientation, collective efficacy and perceived coaching behavior: A research on footballers. Energy Education Science and Technology Part B-Social and Educational Studies, 4(1), 481-494.
- Bangsbo J, Mohr M, Krustrup P. (2006). Physical and metabolic demands of training and match-play in the elite football player. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(7): 665-74.
- Tomas S, Chamari K, Castagna C, Wisloff U. (2005). Physiology of soccer. Sports Med., 35(6): 501-36.
- Bravo DF, Impellizzeri FM, Rampinini E. Castagna C, Bishop D, Wisloff U. (2008). Sprint vs. Interval training in football. Int J Sports Med., 29 (8): 668-674
- Spencer M, Bishop D, Dawson B, Goodman C. (2005). Physiological and metabolic responses of repeated-sprint activities: specific to field-based team sports. Sports Med., 35 (12):1025–44.
- Yanar, S., Çeli̇kbi̇lek, S., Bayansalduz, M., Can, Y. (2017). The Importance of Self-Efficacy and Collective Competence Beliefs in Managerial Competence of Sports Managers, WASET- ICSMB 2017. 19th International Conference on Sport Management and Business, Aug 14-15 2017, Venice Italy, Conferans Proceedings 19(8) Part VIII, p. 1257.
- Rampinini E, Bishop D, Marcora SM, Ferrari Bravo D, Sassi R, Impellizzeri FM. (2007). Validity of simple field tests as indicators of match-related physical performance in top-level Professional soccer players. Int J Sports Med., 28 (3): 228–35.
- Wragg CB, Maxwell NS, Doust JH. (2000). Evaluation of the reliability and validity of a soccer-specific field test of repeated sprint ability. Eur J Appl Physiol., 83 (1): 77–83
- Castagna C, Impellizzeri FM, Chamari K, Carlomagno D, Rampinini E. (2006). Aerobic fitness and yo-yo continuous and intermittent tests performances in soccer players: A correlation study. J Strength Cond Res., 20(2):320–325.
- Krustrup P, Mohr M, Nybo L, Jensen JM, Nielsen JJ, Bangsbo J. (2006). The yo-yo IR2 test: physiological response, reliability, and application to elite soccer. Med Sci Sports Exerc., 38(9):1666–73.
- Krustrup P, Mohr M, Amstrup T, Rysgaard T, Johansen J, Steensberg A, et al. (2003). The yo-yo intermittent recovery test: physiological response, reliability, and validity Med Sci Sports Exerc., 35(4):697–705.
- Burgomaster KA, Hughes SC, Heigenhauser GJ, Bradwell SN, Gibala MJ. (2005). Six sessions of sprint interval training increases muscle oxidative potential and cycle endurance capacity in humans. J Appl Physiol., 98 (6): 1985–90.
- Dawson B, Fitzsimons M, Green S, Goodman C, Carey M, Cole K. (1998). Changes in performance, muscle metabolites, enzymes and fibre types after short sprint training. Eur J Appl Physiol, 78(2):163-69.
- MacDougall JD, Hicks AL, MacDonald JR, McKelvie RS, Green HJ, Smith KM. (1998). Muscle performance and enzymatic adaptations to sprint interval training. J Appl Physiol., 84 (6): 2138-42.
- Ortenblad N, Lunde PK, Levin K, Andersen JL, Pedersen PK. (2000). Enhanced sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release following intermittent sprint training. Am J Physiol., 279 (1): 152–160.
- Impellizzeri FM, Rampinini E, Castagna C, Bishop D, Ferrari Bravo D, Tibaudi A, et al. (2008). Validity of a Repeated-Sprint Test for Football. Int J Sports Med., 29(11):899–905.
- Hill-Haas S, Coutts AJ, Dawson BT, Rowsell GJ. (2009). Generic versus small-sided game training in soccer. Int J Sports Med., 30 (9):636-42.
- Jensen J, Randers M, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J. (2007). Effect of additional in-season aerobic high-intensity drills on physical fitness of elite football players. J Sports Sci Med., 6(10):79.
- Bishop D, Edge J. (2006). Determinants of repeated-sprint ability in females matched for single-sprint performance. Eur J Appl Physiol., 97 (4):373–79.
- Bishop D, Spencer M. (2004). Determinants of repeated-sprint ability in well trained team-sport athletes and endurance-trained athletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 44 (1): 1–7.
- Jacobs I, Esbjornsson M, Sylven C, Holm I, Jansson E. (1987). Sprint training effects on muscle myoglobin, enzymes, fiber types, and blood lactate. Med Sci Sports Exerc., 19 (4): 368–74.
- Buchheit M. (2012). Fatique during repeated sprints. Sports Med., 42(2):165-68.
- Castagna C, Manzi V, D’ottavio S, Annino G, Padua E, Bishp D. (2007). Relation between maximal aerobic power and the ability to repeated sprints in young basketball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(4), 1172-76.
- Impellizzeri F, Marcora S, Castagna C, Reilly T, Sassi A, Iaia FM, et al. (2006). Physiological and performance effects of generic versus specific aerobic training in soccer players. Int J Sports Med., 27(6):483–92.
- Dawson B, Fitzsimons M, Green S, Goodman C, Carey M, Cole K. (1998). Changes in performance, muscle metabolites, enzymes and fibre types after short sprint training. Eur J Appl Physiol,78(2):163–69.
- Linossier MT, Dormois D, Geyssant A, Denis C. (1997). Performance and fibre characteristics of human skeletal muscle during short sprint training and detraining on a cycle ergometer. Eur J Appl Physiol., 75(6):491–98.
- MacDougall JD, Hicks AL, MacDonald JR, McKelvie RS, Green HJ, Smith KM. (1998). Muscle performance and enzymatic adaptations to sprint interval training. J Appl Physiol., 84 (6): 2138–42.
- Rodas G, Ventura JL, Cadefau JA, Cusso R, Parra J. (2000). A short training programme for the rapid improvement of both aerobic and anaerobic metabolisms. Eur J Appl Physiol., 82 (5-6): 480–86.
- Gibala MJ, Little JP, van Essen M, Wilkin GP, Burgomaster KA, Safdar A, Raha S, Tarnopolsky MA. (2006). Short-term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance. J Physiol., 575 (3):901–11.
- Bayansalduz M., Mulazimoglu O., Afyon YA., Metin SC., Aksoy O. (2015). Examination of passing technique implementation skills of amateur footballers with LSPT Test. Journal of Health, Sport and Tourism, ISSN: 2078-0273, 6(1);67-70.