Investigation of nutritional knowledge levels of faculty of sports science students
This research aims to investigate the nutritional knowledge levels of students studying in the sports science faculty of the university. To ensure healthy growth and development of people, balanced nutrition is very important as well as adequate nutrition. The nutrients and energy needed by the body are affected by various variables such as age and gender. Also, having enough and quality of nutrients in the body has an important effect in terms of health. Athletes, on the other hand, need to pay more attention to nutrition beside health. It is possible that the physical performance is at a sufficient level and that this performance can continue, by paying attention to the nutrition of the athlete. Adequate nutritional knowledge of instructors and trainers who train athletes and athletes provides a positive effect on the performance of the athlete he educates. In the study, a questionnaire consisting of two parts was applied to collect data to apply to sports science students. Determining “the Demographic Features of the Participants” in the first part of the questionnaire (17 questions); and in the second part, the questions to determine “Sports Nutrition and Nutritional knowledge Levels” (18 questions) are included. Validity and reliability studies of the applied questionnaire were carried out. A questionnaire measuring nutritional knowledge levels was applied to the sample individuals who participated in the study before and after nutrition education by the expert in the field of nutrition. There is a significant difference between the nutritional knowledge levels of individuals after receiving nutritional education and the nutritional knowledge levels before receiving nutritional education. Accordingly, nutrition education given to individuals has increased their nutritional knowledge level.
Keywords: Sports, Sports Sciences, Student, Education, Nutrition
Mihriay Musa, Senol Yanar, Abdurrahman Kepoglu, Ilker Gunel. Investigation of nutritional knowledge levels of faculty of sports science students. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 5-19.
Analyzing the shot preferences in single-men’ and single-women’s matches of badminton championships and the effects on match scores
The present study aims to examine each rally played by single-man and single-woman players in Olympic, European, and World championships at finals and semi-finals from the aspect of shot preferences, as well as examining the effects of those shot preferences on the match scores. The study group consists of 20 athletes that played in final and semi-final singles matches. In the present study, the match videos uploaded to Kinovea program were played by reducing to the 3-30% of the normal play speed, and the shots preferred by the athletes were accurately recorded. In order to evaluate the effects of shooting technics on the match score, the independent sample t-Test was employed (Mann-Whitney Test) (p<0.05). It was determined that the shots mostly preferred by the male athletes were lop and net drop, whereas the least preferred type was found to be the drive. Among the female athletes, the most preferred shooting technics were clear and lop, whereas the least preferred shot was drive. Given the results related with the effects of shots preferred in scores won on the match scores, it was determined in independent t-Test results that there were statistically significant positive differences between match score and drop (r=0.03) and lop (r=0.02) among the shots received and lop (r=0.045) from the defense among the shots, from which the score was made (p<0.05). In conclusion, it was determined that, when compared to the male athletes, the female athletes kept the ball in the match longer. It can be said that the badminton athletes play a defense-oriented match and thus they win the matches by pressing the opponents into failure.
Keywords: Badminton, Match Analysis, Shot Preference
Ramazan Tekdemir, Tuba Kizilet Bozdogan, Ali Kizilet. Analyzing the shot preferences in single-men’ and single-women’s matches of badminton championships and the effects on match scores. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 20-29.
Problem based learning concepts of biology to improve outcomes and attitudes caring the environment
Education is the main thing to prepare the next generation who are ready to compete in the 21st century. Now, improving the quality of education is needed to face competition in the era of globalization. The learning device is a form of preparation made by the teacher before carrying out the learning process. Teaching preparation is one measure of a teacher's success. Failure in planning is tantamount to planning failure. This implies how important it is to prepare learning through the development of learning tools. The lesson plan is a plan that describes the procedures and organization of learning to achieve a basic competency that has been defined in content standards and described in the syllabus. Learning outcomes can be interpreted as the maximum results that have been achieved by students after experiencing the teaching and learning process in learning certain subject matter. Learning outcomes are not absolutely in the form of values, but can be in the form of changes or improvements in attitudes, habits, knowledge, persistence, fortitude, reasoning, discipline, skills and so on that lead to positive change. Therefore, the curriculum is designed to be able to develop the potential of students into abilities that are increasing in attitudes, knowledge and skills.
Keywords: problem based learning, biology concepts, outcomes, attitudes, environment
Arpina, Agus Haryono, Nomeritae, Yohanes Edy Gunawan, Abudarin, Yetrie Ludang. Problem based learning concepts of biology to improve outcomes and attitudes caring the environment. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 30-41.
Description of gender discrimination and gender bias in recreational diving tourism sector in Turkey
Gender discrimination and some stereotyped prejudices cause women to move away from some professions or discrimination against women who are engaged in this profession. This situation is more evident especially in male-dominated business areas. In this study, it is aimed to describe the gender discrimination and gender-based bias to which women are exposed in the scuba diving tourism sector.
Within the scope of the research, observation, one-to-one interview and document analysis methods were used to collect qualitative data. In Kas district of Antalya, which is one of the most important centers of diving tourism in Turkey, face-to-face interviews with trainers, scuba diving leaders and scuba diving center owners working in the scuba diving tourism sector were carried our and their experiences and opinions were analyzed. The study pool was formed by the maximum diversity sampling method.
According to the results, it is seen that the most important problems of women are social gender-based bias rather than biological gender-based factors such as menstruation period, pregnancy, birth and postpartum. It is concluded that the physical coercion of active work in scuba diving tourism and the ability to intervene correctly in case of a possible accident is not related to gender. Moreover, employers tend to discriminate at the recruitment stage; In the course of the process, we can say that women can destroy prejudices as one of the results of this study.
Keywords: Scuba Diving tourism, Equipped Diving, Female, Gender Discrimination
Meltem Demır, Abdurrahman Kepoglu. Description of gender discrimination and gender bias in recreational diving tourism sector in Turkey. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 42-70.
Comparative analysis of the relationships between quality of life perception and sense of loneliness in adult women who play and do not play sports
This research is aboutanalysistosportiveandunsportiveadultwomen, who is between 20 to 40 yearsold, perception of quality life between feeling of loneliss. Two hundered forty woman join this research who lives in Mugla. Half of this women do sports more than two times in a weekand the others do any sports. In this research, used to Personal Information Form, UCLA Loneliness scaleand WHOQOL BREF life qualityscale. For analyzing datatouse two different data set and applied data analysistechniques. Thesetechniques; 1.Paired Sample Test: it looks signifi cant differencesto sportive and unsportive woman values for quality of life perception between values of loneliness. 2.Person Correlation Analysis: It looks to relationship between perception of life and sense of loneliness. Moreover in this research to see the affect of demographicstructure to quality of life and sense of lonelinessused to two technics too. For two groups use to Sample T test more than two groups use to Anovatechnics.
As a Resultthisresearch has been identified that sportive woman have more perception of quality life than unsportive woman. And adult sportive woman have less sense of loneliness than unsportive woman.
Keywords: Sports, Women, Perception of Quality of Life, Sense of Loneliness
Reyhan Dag, Mehmet Bayansalduz. Comparative analysis of the relationships between quality of life perception and sense of loneliness in adult women who play and do not play sports. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 71-86.
The effectiveness of blended learning method by using environmental pollution materials
In this digital era, humans can learn anytime and anywhere. In this case, authentic individual-based learning is needed. Learning that is popular today in Indonesia is traditional learning, which is class-based learning. In classical learning, students must be in the same time and space as their classmates and teachers to carry out learning activities. Therefore, it is necessary to find alternatives for classical learning that can overcome these problems without eliminating feelings of social ties between students and classmates and between students and teachers. At the same time teachers are challenged to combine traditional learning and advances in information technology to keep up with the diverse learning styles of students. Blended learning is a combination of face-to-face learning in class with online technology. The use of Blended learning can help to see learning outcomes and critical thinking. Learning outcomes can be in the form of independent knowledge in learning that is not dependent on others, is free and can do it alone. This is very important for students because knowledge can grow naturally within the students themselves.
Keywords: blended learning, environmental pollution materials, outcomes, critical thinking
Rina Oktavia, Agus Haryono, Yohanes Edy Gunawan, Yetrie Ludang, Abdul Hadjaranul Fatah, Alpian. The effectiveness of blended learning method by using environmental pollution materials. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 87-97.
Challenges and threats affecting information security in cloud computing
Cloud computing is one of the new technologies that has brought about a tremendous development in information services, but there are many challenges and difficulties that limit and sometimes hinder their use by individuals or organizations. This paper seeks to identify the most important challenges and difficulties facing information security in cloud computing, by analyzing and critiquing previous studies that have dealt with this topic, and listing the most important findings of these studies on this topic, and the proposed future recommendations about them. This paper used the critical survey approach of previous studies in this field. It reached several conclusions, the most important of which are that the issue of data security is the first challenge facing the computing cloud, data breach and loss is one of the first threats to information security in the cloud, followed by preserving data confidentiality, then Attack and software hacking, and the rest of the threats came in varying degrees.
Keywords: Cloud computing; information security; cloud computing security; future of the cloud; data protection; security challenges
Aisha Saleh Al-Ghamdi. Challenges and threats affecting information security in cloud computing. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 98-120.
Specific release of carbon dioxide of traditional medicinal plants used by the Dayak people of Palangka Raya
This research examines the specific release rate of carbon dioxide of four types of traditional medicinal plants used by the Dayak people of Palangka Raya City. The research method was carried out by surveying data collection on types of traditional medicinal plants and measuring respiration using the hood chamber method, analyzed using gas chromatography at 18.00-18.30, 0.00-0.30 and 03.00-03.30 Western Indonesian Time. This research was using medicinal plants, namely Tiwai Onions/Bawau Onions (Eleutherine bulbosa Mill.), Semar Bags (Nepenthes clipeata L.), Masicin/Kemunting (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk) and as traditional medicines namely Senggani/Karamunting (Melastoma malabathricum D. Don). It was concluded that The highest organic carbon content in the Semar bag medicinal plant was 12.79 gm-2, and the lowest was Tiwai/ Bawau onions 4.58 gm-2.
Keywords: specific release, carbon dioxide, traditional medicinal plants
Fernando, Yetrie Ludang, Fengky F. Adjie, Renhart Jemi. Specific release of carbon dioxide of traditional medicinal plants used by the Dayak people of Palangka Raya. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 121-131.
Investigation of the relationship between university students' participation levels in recreative activities, social cohesion skills and academic achievements
The purpose of the present research is investigating the relationships between levels of participation in recreational activities and social adaptation skills and academic achievement among university students. The research also studies whether university students’ levels of participation in recreational activities, social adaptation skills and academic achievement skills vary by in terms of some demographic features, such as age, gender, faculty, academic achievement, educational levels of parents, high schools they graduated from, occupations of parents, way of accommodation, parental attitude, personality style, active life style, and social relationship style.
In the present research, which was conducted within the body of MuglaSitkiKocman University, 316 male and 245 female, the total of 561 students, who were selected with random sampling method among students who studied at 6 faculties and 5 vocational schools which were pre-determined based on student population, participated.
A questionnaire form consisting of four parts was used as the data collection tool of the present research. The first part of the questionnaire form was the personal information form including 17 questions prepared in accordance with the purpose of the present research, second part was Level of Participation in Recreational Activities Scale developed in order to define University Students’ Levels of Participation in Recreational Activities, and the third part of the form was social adaptation scale in Hacettepe Personality Inventory developed by Ozguven (1976).
In order to analyse the collected data, descriptive statistics tables, Pearson Correlation Analysis to define the correlations between dependant variables were used, and in order to define whether there were significant differences between dependent variables, T-test was used on groups of two and Anova analysis was used on groups of three or more.
According to the findings obtained from the data collected in the present research, there is a positive correlation at 0.001 significance level between university students’ social adaptation levels and levels of participation in recreational activities (r=0.430**; p=0.000). There isn’t a significant difference between academic achievement levels and levels of social adaptation and participation in recreational activities of university students who participated in the present research (p>0.01), there is a significant difference between academic achievement levels in terms of faculty variable (p<0.05).
Keywords: University Students, Recreational Activities, Social Adaptation, Academic Achievement
Sabri Can Metın, Yusuf Can, Senol Yanar. Investigation of the relationship between university students' participation levels in recreative activities, social cohesion skills and academic achievements. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 132-145.
Information security in Cloud-computing: challenges, threats, and solutions
This paper aimed at providing a critical evaluation of a number of studies on the topic of information security challenges in cloud computing by reviewing previous studies related to the topic. The paper used the method of critical evaluation of research to achieve its objectives and reach conclusions that can be generalized in this area. The most important results of this study were: The issue of information security in cloud computing is a fertile field for study, as it is constantly evolving simultaneously with the development of hacking methods. Securing data stored on the account is a shared responsibility between customers and service providers. Despite the advantages and capabilities offered by cloud computing, there are still concerns of service users. In fact, there are no guarantees that data will not be lost or violated. Studies are still seeking to provide models that contribute to achieving security in cloud computing. Security policies to protect data in cloud computing must clearly define the roles and methods used clearly and the type of data that will be stored to protect the information and ensure that there is no leakage.
Keywords: Cloud Computing; Cloud Security; Security Issues in the Cloud; Storage and Encryption; Security Assessment in the Cloud
Eman Jery Al-Mutairi, Eman Muhammad Asyri. Information security in Cloud-computing: challenges, threats, and solutions. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 146-166.
Effect of management improvement on employee performance in the quality assurance institution of Central Kalimantan Province
The purpose of this study is to obtain empirical evidence related to the effects of change management on organizational culture, change management on organizational commitment, change management on employee performance, organizational culture on employee performance, organizational commitment to employee performance, change management on employee performance through organizational culture, change management. towards employee performance through organizational commitment in the Education Quality Assurance Institute (LPMP) Central Kalimantan Province. The research method used is quantitative, using the Smart PLS analysis tool with a sample of 72 respondents of Central Kalimantan LPMP Civil Servants. The results showed 1) There is a positive and significant direct effect for the first five variables; and 2) There is a positive and significant indirect effect concerning change management on employee performance through LPMP's organizational culture and through commitment of Central Kalimantan Province LPMP organization.
Keywords: Change management, organizational culture, organizational commitment, employee performance
Trikarunia Ningsih, Bambang Mantikei, Yetrie Ludang. Effect of management improvement on employee performance in the quality assurance institution of Central Kalimantan Province. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 167-184.
Investigation of the relationship between the teaching motivation and self-efficacy of physical education and sports teachers and teachers from other branches
The purpose of the current study is to investigate the relationship between the teaching motivation and self-efficacy of the physical education and sports teachers and teachers from other branches. The study employed the survey model, one of the descriptive methods. The population of the study is comprised of the teachers working in the state schools in the Aegean Region in the 2018-2019 school year and the sample consists of 417 teachers working in schools located in the cities of Muğla, Aydın, Denizli and İzmir. In the selection of the sample, non-random and convenience sampling method was used. In the current study, “The Teaching Motivation Scale (TMS)” was used to determine the teaching motivation of the teachers and “The Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale (TSES)” was used to determine the self-efficacy of the teachers. In the statistical analysis of the collected data, SPSS 22 program package was used. Prior to the analysis, the dataset was examined with Boxplot and correlation analysis, t-test, one way variance analysis and Tukey test, one of the post hoc tests, were used. In the interpretation of the results, 0.05 significance level was taken as the criterion to determine whether there is a significant difference between variables. According to the results of the study, there is a positive correlation between the teaching motivation and self-efficacy of the physical education and sports teacher and teachers from other branches; the physical education and sports teachers’ teaching motivation and self-efficacy scores do not vary significantly depending on professional seniority and age while the teaching motivation and self-efficacy scores of the teachers from other branches vary significantly depending on these variables and teaching motivation and self-efficacy scores of the physical education and sports teachers are higher than those of the teachers from other branches.
Keywords: Teacher, Teaching Motivation, Teacher Self-Efficacy, Professional Seniority
Oguzhan Avci, Mehmet Bayansalduz. Investigation of the relationship between the teaching motivation and self-efficacy of physical education and sports teachers and teachers from other branches. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 185-199.
The impact of project businesses' critical success factors on successful knowledge management
The aim of this paper is to shed some light on how such factors could help build a strong knowledge management system base through exploring the previous research on the subject and comparing different practical cases. Project business support knowledge management departments through number of critical success factors. The significance of strategy formulation, presence of an appropriate and encouraging cultural environment, knowledge sharing and creation, innovation and other factors are extensively covered in previous academic research and practical studies. Despite of this extensive research and useful findings, there is not enough studies that explore proper linkages between technological advancements and the decision making process and the need for expanding the role of knowledge management departments in terms of investing in IT assets. In addition, the previous literature on the subject lacks studies about rationalizing the use of knowledge tools and how such rationalization be supportive of knowledge management departments in some way or another.
Keywords: knowledge management, IT assets, business support, critical success
Hazim M. Zagzoog, Hassan A. Alsereihy. The impact of project businesses' critical success factors on successful knowledge management. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 200-211.
Climate change impacts gender roles, a state of the art
In conditions of climate change, women will bear a double burden. Changes in extreme weather have resulted in many decreases in economic income, so that women have become involved in helping to shoulder men's burdens. As a result, many women then have to do additional work to support the family economy, so that women are responsible for taking care of domestic work and at the same time also working to help the family economy. In addition to the double burden of helping the family economy, the time spent working also becomes longer. Because women work to help their husbands at night. Women also do not have sufficient capacity to face climate change, for example the lack of women's access to socio-economic and political aspects which makes women more vulnerable when exposed to the impacts of climate change. The difference in social roles between men and women also affects the difference in the level of vulnerability between the two. In a context where there are already unequal gender relations, climate change will create more vulnerability to marginalized gender groups, namely women. Therefore, a gender responsive climate change policy model and strategy is needed, namely a policy that positions women equally in the context of climate change resilience. This is because the higher the level of gender awareness a city has, the higher the quality of climate change policies in a city. Conversely, failure to include a gender perspective in climate change resilience policies will further add to the burden and risk of climate change for more vulnerable groups.
Keywords: Climate change, gender roles, perspective, model, strategy
Sari Marlina, Bambang S. Lautt, Aswin Usup, Revi Sunaryati. Climate change impacts gender roles, a state of the art. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 212-228.
Information security challenges in cloud computing
Recent evidence and studies point to the global trend towards work, education, and trade, especially after the Coronavirus epidemic, known as (COVID-19), recently invaded the world at large. When people, governments, and companies became panicked and preoccupied with limiting and controlling the spread of the epidemic by staying at home, everyone turned to work from home. This led to the prioritization of companies, organizations, universities, schools, and governments to qualify their facilities for that purpose. In order for the enterprises to cope with the wave of "remote" work, they were forced to create or update their own cloud computing. Cloud computing is an important and big topic in itself, but this study sheds light on information security in cloud computing. Where the most important factor for the success of any establishment is the continuity of information and the efficiency of its security so that its business lasts and maintains its customers and shareholders.
Henceforth, the need for this study arose to define the importance of information security in cloud computing and to introduce a simplified concept of cloud computing and to define its objectives, importance, characteristics and services in information security. This study also provides an analysis of more than fifteen previous studies closely related to the topic of information security in cloud computing, highlighting the most important conclusions after comparing the literature. This critical analysis consists of two parts. The first part is the theoretical part that explains cloud computing in detail, starting from its concept to its security policies and the procedures followed in the security of cloud computing. The second part is the critical part, which deals with analyzing and criticizing literature and previous studies in an analytical way that provides a deep understanding of all issues related to information security in the world of cloud computing.
Keywords: Knowledge Security; Network Security; Cloud Computing; Information Security; Cybersecurity; Digital Security; Cybercrime
Hawazen Awad Metair. Information security challenges in cloud computing. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 229-243.
Facts about gender empowerment in climate change conditions in Central Kalimantan
This research will identify survival and adaptation strategies that women adopt in facing or responding to the effects of climate change, and highlight the important role of women as carriers changes that will be more focused on the ability of women to be the driving force in overcoming household economic problems related to the climate change phenomenon in Indonesia, particularly in Central Kalimantan. Through this research we know and can evaluate gender roles in dealing with the impacts of climate change in the Central Kalimantan region. Especially related to gender as a double agent in tackling the economic and social burdens when climate change occurs. This has an impact on decreasing the income of the community around the forest area. The results of this study are expected to become a reference and raise more concern from the government and society for gender equality, so that the role of gender as agents of change can minimize the impact of climate change from an economic, social and environmental perspective.
Keywords: Driving force, women, empowerment, double agent, social burdens
Sari Marlina, Bambang S. Lautt, Aswin Usup, Revi Sunaryati. Facts about gender empowerment in climate change conditions in Central Kalimantan. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 244-254.
Examining the relationship between organizational culture and altruism field research in publıc and private sports institutions (Mugla province case)
The aim of our study consists first the detection of the level of organisation culture and altruism at public and private institutions and then, determination of the relation between these two terms. The demographic characteristics of the staff and the differences and similarities between these two terms will be analysed with regards to public and private institutions. The success of a sport institution can be measured by means of the demand of the sports good, produced by this institution, at the market. At the institution, the harmony of the staff’s performance during the production of this sports good is important. The contribution of organisation culture and altruism for the formation of this harmony is major. So, it is necessary to detect the level of the organisation culture and altruism at the public and private institutions operating in Mugla province. Suggestions will be developed depending on the acquired data. 105 staff members attended the study voluntarily. At this study, the data for the investigation of the relation between organisation culture and altruism among the staff members at the public and private institution, was acquired by “Personal Information Form”, arranged by the researcher, “Altruism Scale” developed by Dogan and Sapmaz (2012) , then was measured and interpreted by a five point Likert-type scale. “Organization Culture Scale”, created by Ogbonna and Harris (2000) and developed by Karadeniz (2010) during the master degree study, will be utilized. A scale in the form of five point Likert-type scale, developed by Likert, was conducted. During the analysis process of the data, frequency, arithmetic average, standard deviation estimations were determined. Kolmogorov-Simirnov and Shapiro-Wilk test was used to detect if the data has a normal range or not. As the data didn’t have a normal range (P<0,05), Mann-Whitney-U and Kruskal Wallis test was utilized at 0,05 significance level for the binary and more group average differences. In order to determine the relation between altruism level and organization culture, Pearson correlation analysis was utilized at 0,05 significance level. Regression analysis at a 0,05 significance level was used to determine the effect of altruism level, as an independent variable, on organiztion culture. Divergence has been detected between the socio-demographic characteristics of the staff and the level of altruism and organization culture. There is a relation between the altruism level and organization culture of the staff. The altruism level of the staff has impact upon the organization culture level.
Keywords: Organization culture, Altruism, Private and public institution
Samet Koc, Abdurrahman Kepoglu. Examining the relationship between organizational culture and altruism field research in publıc and private sports institutions (Mugla province case). Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 255-269.
The role of social networks in supporting e-learning
Recent evidence and studies indicate that integrating social networking sites (SNS) features into an e-learning environment could also be highly accepted by students. The rationale for acceptance is that the benefits of SNS in improving the training experience. Recently, students have increased their interest and used social media to hide their educational needs. Thus, educational centers and institutions have attended integrate SNS into their educational processes. But despite this interest on the a part of science makers, as far because the researcher knows, private and public schools and lots of universities didn't concentrate to the present topic and didn't pay enough attention to satisfy the tutorial needs of their students. Therefore, the necessity for this study arose so as to define the importance of SNS within the e-learning environment and also to present the kinds of social networks related to distance learning on which many prestigious universities round the world depend. The survey approach are going to be followed by reviewing and analyzing foreign studies to understand the methods utilized in integrating social media in e-learning and describing the extent of the impact of integrated SNS with distance education on both students and teachers alike. The researcher concluded that a lot of social media tools and media play a crucial role in students’ receiving of remote education which the utilization of SNS and its integration in universities and schools raises the extent of students' educational attainment and facilitates the delivery of data to students by teachers. The researcher recommended conducting more research that has the newest social media technology integrated with e-learning.
Keywords: Networks; Social Networks; Social Networking Sites (SNS); Web Lessons; Social Media Tools; E-learning
Hawazen Awad Metair. The role of social networks in supporting e-learning. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 6(3)2020, 270-283.